Brain injury may affect bladder and/or bowel function (incontinence). Following brain injury, a person may need assistance re-establishing and keeping regular bowel movements and/or emptying the bladder. People with very severe/catastrophic brain injury, or spinal cord injury with traumatic brain injury, may be especially affected by incontinence.
Fact Sheets relating to superannuation, personal insurance and brain injury, prepared with assistance from Maurice Blackburn. Many people are unaware that they have disability and death benefits from their super or insurance. It is important to maximise any benefits you can claim. If you cannot work because of a brain injury you may not be able to live off your super. Any additional super benefits will be very helpful.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) estimates that the Australian population amounts to just under 19 million people. Of those 19 million Australians, the 1998 ABS study on Disability, Ageing and Carers estimated that there were 3.6 million people with a disability (19% of the total population).
Crying is a normal part of your baby’s development and is normal for all babies from all cultural backgrounds. Crying is an important way your baby can let you know that something is upsetting them and that they need you.
A major disadvantage for people with acquired brain injury is that there is no legislated form of assistance as there is for people with mental illness. Unless people with acquired brain injury have the ongoing support of a good network of family and friends, they find it difficult to obtain any form of assistance. As a consequence, their psychosocial functioning may be effected and many end up living in psychiatric hospitals, boarding houses, prisons and resorting to Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) services.
Available empirical evidence suggests that injury to the front and sides of the brain is associated with an increase in aggressive, violent and criminal behaviour.
Studies have found that in a relationship in which one partner has an acquired brain injury the chances of marital aggression are increased almost sixfold. The correlation between acquired brain injury and a propensity for domestic violence has important implications for therapy interventions. The identification of acquired brain injury in men who commit domestic violence, would allow behavioural and cognitive strategies to be taught and thereby assist with inhibiting aggressive behaviours.
There is a need for increased awareness of acquired brain injury in alcohol and other drug (A&D) services. In 1995, a Victorian survey of A&D and ABI agencies funded by the Department of Human Services provided evidence that there is limited understanding of the support needs of people with an acquired brain injury who also have alcohol and drug problems.
An acquired brain injury can exacerbate and magnify the risk factors associated with homelessness including family breakdown, loss of social support networks, lack of affordable housing, family violence, unemployment, illness, drug and alcohol use, violence and/or criminal behaviour.
The 1999 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW study) on “The definition, incidence and prevalence of Acquired Brain Injury in Australia” estimated that there were 338,700 Australians who had a disability related to Acquired Brain Injury. Of these, 160,000 were severely or profoundly affected by Acquired Brain Injury thus needing daily support.
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